Nikon D600 Review
The Nikon D600 boasts professional camera features in the lowest cost full-frame DSLR on the market. Its large 24 megapixels CMOS sensor is capable of shooting continuously at 5.5 FPS and capturing full 1080p HD video. The durable body of the D600 features an extra large 100% coverage viewfinder and weather-seals against dust and moisture.
This high-end digital camera is designed for efficiency with dual control-dials and over twenty direct controls. It also emphasizes video with a sophisticated full-time autofocus system, external stereo sound input and video manual-controls.
The Nikon D600 offers an extremely capable upgrade from a cropped-sensor DSLR to the next level in image quality. Its larger sensor is highly advantageous in low-light and allows for a shallower depth-of-field for creative photography.
This detailed digital camera review takes a close look at the Nikon D600 in terms of features, ergonomics, usability, performance, image quality and controls.
Nikon D600 Key Features
- 24 Megapixels CMOS sensor
- Full-Fame Nikon FX format
- Standard ISO 100 - 6400 range
- Expanded ISO 50 - 25600 range
- Customizable Auto ISO
- Built-in Dust-Reduction
- JPEG, RAW or JPEG+RAW Output
- 1920x1080 @ 30 FPS 16:9 HD Video
- 1280x720 @ 60 FPS 16:9 HD Video
- PASM exposure modes
- 1/4000s - 30s Shutter-speed, plus Bulb
- EC, ±5 EV, 1/2 or 1/3 EV steps
- FC, -3...+1, 1/2 or 1/3 EV steps
- Matrix (Multi-Segment), Center-Weighed, Average & Spot metering
- AEB, 2 or 3 Frames, ±3 EV, Irregular steps
- Flash Bracketing, 2 or 3 frames, ±3 EV, Irregular steps
- Exposure Fine-Tuning, ±1 EV, 1/6 EV steps
- ½ or 1/3 EV Exposure & ISO steps
- Built-In HDR, 2 shots, 1-3 EV steps, 3 blending levels, single image or series
Focus & Drive
- 39-Point Phase-Detect autofocus, 9 cross-type
- Single-Point, Dynamic-Area or Auto focus-point
- Single-Shot, Continuous or Automatic focus-drive
- 3D Tracking AF with OVF and Live-View
- Contrast-detect AF for Live-View and video
- Face-Detect AF in Live-View
- Optional AF-Assist lamp
- 5.5 FPS Drive, Max 100 JPEG or 16 RAW
- Customizable Self-Timer, 1-9 Shots, 2-20s Start Delay, ½-3s Interval
- Quiet-Shutter with delayed mirror-return
- Immediate, 2s Delayed or MLU remote mode
- Mirror-Up and Exposure-Delay, 1-3s
- Multiple-Exposure, 2-3 shots, optional Auto Gain
- Internal-Timer, 1-999 times, 1-9 shots, 1s-24h interval, delayed start 1m-23h59m
- Time-Lapse, 1s-10m interval, 1m-8h capture time
- Optional Autofocus Fine-Tuning
- Dual IR remote receivers
- Wired remote connector
- AutomaticTwo types: Normal & Preserve Warm Colors, Preset, Kelvin and Custom4 Memories WB
- White-Balance fine-tuning, 2-axis, 13-steps
- 6 Built-In Picture Styles
- Automatic or Manual Sharpness, 10 steps
- Automatic or Manual Contrast, 7 steps
- Automatic or Manual Saturation, 7 steps
- Manually Adjustable Hue, 7 steps
- Manually Adjustable Tone-Curve, 3 levels
- Virtual WB Bracketing, 2-3 frames, 3 steps, 2 axis
- Virtual Active D-Lighting Bracketing, 3 frames
- Optional High-ISO Noise Reduction, 3 levels
- Optional Long Shutter Noise Reduction
- Optional Distortion-Correction
- Optional Vignetting-Correction
- Optional Active D-Lighting (ADL), 4 levels
- Optional Dust-Off reference photo
- Dual control-dials
- Combined configurable AE-L/AF-L button
- Optional Easy ISO or EC control
- Independent AEB button
- Modal exposure-mode dial
- Modal drive-mode dial
- Customizable Function button
- Customizable DOF-Preview button
- Direct Video-Recording button
- Live-View trigger
- Focus-Point lock
Viewfinder & Displays
- 100% Coverage viewfinder, 0.7X magnification
- 3.2" LCD, 920K Pixels
- Illuminated top LCD status display
- Single-Axis Digital-Level in viewfinder
- Dual-Axis Digital-Level in Live-View
- DOF-Preview in viewfinder
- Optional DX cropping frame
- Optional composition grid
- Sound-Level monitor
Body & Construction
- Nikon F-mount
- Weather-sealed body
- Metal tripod mount
- Built-in pop-up flash (GN 13)
- Hot-Shoe for external lighting
- Built-in microphone, 20 levels
- Stereo sound-input mini-jack
- Dual SDXC memory card slots
- Proprietary Lithium-Ion battery
- 1080i HDMI output
- Optional GPS unit
Suitability - What is it good for?
As an advanced DSLR, the Nikon D600 is suitable for every type of photographic subject. Its Nikon lens mount accepts lenses with built-in autofocus motors and those using body-driven autofocus. As a full-frame DSLR, it supports natively all Nikkor FX lenses at its maximum resolution and without crop-factor. It supports Nikkor DX lenses too, albeit at a resolution of 10 megapixels with a 1.5X crop-factor. The viewfinder displays an optional DX frame overly to help compose cropped images. Given that Nikon and Canon produce more lenses than all other camera manufacturers and have the most third-party lenses built for them, lens flexibility is top-notch.
The D600 is extremely well suited for low-light photography, both hand-held and tripod-supported. Its full-frame sensor gives it relatively large pixels which are better for image-noise and dynamic-range, at least according to the laws of physics! Given a large ISO range of 100 - 6400, expandable to 50 - 25600, this DSLR can be used in very low-light. Choosing a bright or stabilized lens greatly helps too. With a tripod, metered exposures up to 30 seconds combined with high-ISO sensitivities let it capture very dark scenes. This is extended further by its Bulb mode which is needed to capture star-trails and moonlit scenes.
Action photography is well covered by this Nikon. The top shutter-speed of 1/4000s is standard for DSLRs and the 39-point AF system is capable of tracking action using distance and color information as a subject moves. The continuous drive of the D600 shoots at a maximum of 5.5 FPS although action-oriented models can shoot twice as fast now. The buffer-depth is variable. For the very best quality 14-bit losslessly compressed RAW files, up to 16 images are possible. Switching to highest-quality JPEGs, up to 57 can be captured in a single burst. A maximum of 100 frames is possible with image quality down one notch, yet still at 24 megapixels.
Natively, the D600 can capture more dynamic-range than any DSLR before it. Naturally, this drops as ISO goes up but this camera is capable of producing tone-mapped HDR imagesTechnically, the D600 most likely uses Exposure-Fusion. in-camera. In HDR mode, this camera captures two images in quick succession with an exposure differential between 1 and 3 EVs. It then blends the two exposures according to 3 smoothing levels. The images below show the difference between normal (LDR) and HDR images at each smoothing level.
Studio work requires the use of external lighting, which the D600 supports via its hot-shoe. There is no Sync-Port as on the D600 but the advent of wireless flash-triggers, sold by third-parties, makes working with external lighting much more convenient. There is no need to worry about tripping cables and making sure they are long enough. The D600 is also compatible with Nikon's own Creative Lighting System (CLS) and its built-in flash is usable as wireless commander.
Street photography is possible although, like most DSLR cameras, the D600 does not afford much discretion due to its size. Still, this very quick and responsive camera can take the shot and move-on without much fuss. Obviously, all types of still-subject photography such as landscape and architecture are extremely well handled by this digital camera with a suitable choice of lens.
Capability - What can it do?
As the feature list in the introductions shows, the Nikon D600 has all features expected from a modern DSLR. Since we have described all those features in plenty of reviews already, only things over the minimum or usual functionality is described in this part of the review.
The Nikon D600 has a 3-way power-switch. Two positions are the usual On and Off choices. The third position is spring-loaded and triggers illumination of the top status LCD. Optionally, the status LCD can be permanently illuminated while the camera is On. Even when the camera is off, the status LCD nicely indicates which card is inserted and how much space is available in the first occupied slot.
The mode-dial has the usual PASM modes plus five additional positions. Auto mode is similar to P except that it enables Auto ISO and Auto Flash while disabling EC, Metering choices, WB and FC. In this mode it is possible to set the flash to Forced-Off and manually set ISO. Flash-Off is the same as Auto with the flash permanently off. The next position is SCENE which lets the camera use one of 19 scene modes. The specific mode is selected by rotating the rear control-dial. The final two positions are for User-Defined modes.
This DSLR offers a complete set of drive modes, most of them fairly obvious. There are two continuous modes: CL and CH. CH shoots at 5.5 FPS until the memory buffer gets full. CL can be set to between 1 and 5 FPS. The only unusual mode is Q which stands for Quiet Shutter. It works by moving the mirror very slowly to reduce noise made by the camera. It also does not return the mirror to its up-position until the shutter is fully released. This is useful for times when camera sounds are distracting.
The Remote position of the drive-mode dial activates one of three behaviors which must be chosen in the camera menu:
- Quick-Response Remote: Triggers an exposure immediately.
- Delayed Remote: Triggers the exposure after 2 seconds. The mirror rises at the end of the delay.
- Remote Mirror-Up: Operates like pressing the shutter in Mirror-Up mode. On the first remote press, the mirror is raised. On the second, the exposure is taken.
There is one custom menu option which should truly be a drive mode: Exposure Delay Mode. This in-effect a self-timer of between 1 and 3 seconds which raises the mirror up at the beginning of the delay. In fact, without a remote release, this is the only way to prevent camera shake. Too bad this does not have its own position on the drive-mode dial. At best, it can be placed in the customizable menu though.
Interval shooting is set separately from drive modes. Nikon's implementation is the most sophisticated. A start time can be specified, as well as the number of intervals and number of shots to take at each interval. With AEB, this can be used to create an HDR time-lapse. The interval can be between 1s and 24h and number of intervals between 1 and 999. Between 1 and 9 shots can be taken at each interval.
Metering patterns are chosen by a top-mounted button used with the rear control-dial. There are three choices: Matrix, Spot and Center-Weighed/Average. Matrix is Nikon's name for Multi-Segment metering and Spot is, well, Spot metering. Depending on a custom setting, the third choice activates Average metering or Center-Weighed. The same option lets the camera use one of four sizes8mm, 12mm, 15mm or 20mm for the central-portion.
The combined AE-L/AF-L button is customizable:
- AE/AF Lock - Locks both exposure and focus.
- AE Lock - Locks exposure only.
- AF Lock - Locks focus only.
- AE Lock and Hold - Locks exposure and keeps it locked until pressed again. This is useful when taking multiple shots for stitching panoramas.
- AF-On - Triggers autofocus if neither camera nor lens are set to MF.
- FV Lock - Locks computed flash power.
Bracketing can be enabled for 2 or 3 frames with steps up to ±3 EV. A configuration option controls if flash power is adjusted for the bracket or if virtual bracketing for WB or ADL is performed instead. For WB bracketing, there are 3 step sizes. For WB, only one photo is taken but it is saved two or three times with different white-balance fine-tuning.
The standard ISO range goes from 100 to 6400. Expanded ISO values are given labels instead. ISO 50 is called L 1.0. ISO 12800 is called H 1.0 and ISO 25600 is called H 2.0. When using these expanded ISO sensitivities, Nikon does not store ISO information correctly in EXIF data of image files. Auto ISO in PASM exposure modes works differently than on other brands of DSLRs. The user can configure a maximum sensitivity and minimum shutter-speed. The D600 then always adjusts the chosen ISO within the permitted range to obtain at least the specified shutter-speed.
White-balance options are plentiful. There are 2 types of Automatic WB. One tries to correct everything, the other leaves warm lighting intact. There are 6 presets and 4 custom white-balance memories. Choosing WB by color temperature in Kelvin degrees is also supported.
This camera features Nikon's Active D-Lighting image processing technology which lightens up dark areas of images to bring out details. There are 4 levels of ADL which differ by how much shadows get boosted. ADL can be manually or automatically set to one of those levels or turned off entirely. ADL indirectly affects RAW capture because exposure is adjusted according to the selected ADL level.
There are two memory-slots on the D600, both accepting SDXC, SDHC and SD cards under the same weather-sealed door. This digital cameras makes excellent use of both slots, offering several modes of operation:
- Overflow: When one card fills up, start filling the other one. May help buying cheaper cards.
- Backup: Duplicate everything to both cards, ideally using cards of the same size and speed. This is the professional choice in case one card fails.
- Format-Separation: For RAW+JPEG shooters, RAW files are stored in Slot 1, JPEG images in Slot 2.
Additionally, videos can be stored in either slot independently of how both cards manage images.
This DSLR can capture JPEG images or RAW files, using the NEF format. The Nikon D600 can compress RAW files lossessly or not, the latter option saving on average 25% space. RAW data can be saved using 12-bits or 14-bits per pixel. Obviously, the latter is more precise but consumes roughly 20% more space.
There is a feature on the Nikon D600 which was not seen since the Konica-Minolta Dimage A2
Konica-Minolta Dimage A2 and that is time-lapse video. This feature will be discussed in the video section on the last page of this review.
Nikon D600 Highlights
Sensor-Size: 36 x 24mm
Actual size when viewed at 100 DPI
|24 Megapixels DSLR||ISO 50-25600|
|Nikon F Mount|
Extra Large Viewfinder
|Full manual controls, including Manual Focus|
|2 Axis Digital Level||Custom white-balance with 2 axis fine-tuning|
|Built-in Dust Reduction||Hot-Shoe|
|5.5 FPS Drive, 57 Images||Stereo audio input|
|1920x1080 @ 30 FPS Video Recording||Lithium-Ion Battery|
|3.2" LCD 920K Pixels||Secure Digital Extended Capacity x 2|
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