Digital Camera Buying Guide - More Choosing
Digital Camera Choosing
Continue reading this page to learn more about choosing between digital cameras. For more important factors, go back to Digital Camera Choosing Basics, step 2 of this Digital Camera Buying Guide.
There are quite a few types of memory cards, which is where all modern cameras store the photos and video they capture. The SD-HC format is by far the most common one and is also the cheapest per capacity. Just a few non-DSLRs will not accept SD-HC cards and entry to mid-range DSLRs as well. The high-end memory is still Compact Flash due to its potential for fast transfer speeds and high capacities.
Current prices for memory cards are sufficiently low that one should not give much importance to which memory card type a digital camera uses. There are far more important features to choose!
|Compact flash memory is realively cheap, it is available in the largest capacities and the fastest speeds.|
|Some cameras only accept Type 1 Compact Flash cards, which are slimmer than Type II cards. This effectively means no MicrodrivesMicrodrives are tiny hard drives. They used to be quite economical and available in large capacities, this is no longer the case. Microdrives are more fragile than memory cards and cannot operate above 10,000ft of altitude..|
|This Compact Flash successor uses a high-speed interface and a smaller form-factor similar to SD cards. It offers faster read speeds (from 500 MB/s) and faster write speeds (from 125 MB/s).|
|SD memory is very common and has the widest compatibility among devices such as digital photo-frames, card-readers and laptops.|
|SD-HC cards are high-capacity SD cards which are generally not compatible with SD devices. SD cards can always be used where SD-HC cards are accepted. SD-HC are now the cheapest memory cards and are the most commonly accepted among digital cameras.|
|SD-XC cards are extended capacity SD-HC cards that support sizes above 32GB, theoretically up to 2 TB. Any camera which accepts SD-XC cards will accept SD-HC and SD cards as well. The reverse is not true though, so SD-XC cards are only accepted in SD-XC compatible cameras and devices.|
|Micro SD-HC cards are small versions of SD-HC cards. Originally used in cellular phones, some cameras come with adaptors to use a Micro SDHC card instead of their native memory type.|
|Micro SD-XC cards are small versions of SD-XC cards. Although mostly common in cellular phones, some ultra-compact digital cameras accept this type of memory too.|
|xD can be found in Olympus and Fuji cameras, it is one of the most expensive memories, limited in capacity and rather slow. Modenn Fuji cameras either accept both xD and SD-HC or only SD-HC. Certain Olympus cameras take Micro-SD cards using an adapter which fits in the xD slot.|
|Memory Stick are used by Sony cameras and are also quite expensive. The Pro version is faster but otherwise identical.|
|Memory Stick Duo is simply a smaller versionA Memory Stick Duo can be used in a Memory Stick slot using an adapter but not vice-versa. of the Memory Stick. There is also a faster Pro version.|
Digital cameras preview images either using an LCD screen or a kind of viewfinder. LCD displays can be hard to see in bright light due to unwanted reflexions and exposure to direct sunlight. A viewfinder is preferable but rarely available on small cameras, particularly ultra-compact models. The general advantages of a viewfinder are that it rarely reflects stray light and it provides an extra point of stability for precise framing. Many types of viewfinders exist:
- Electronic viewfinders are tiny LCD displays that preview the image as seen by the sensor. They can be extremely accurate in terms of exposure, color, white-balance and framing. Except for those used by now-defunct Konica-Minolta, they are hard to see in low-light. Top of the line EVFs currently have enough precision to judge focus.
- An optical reflex viewfinder is highly recommended for night photography and continuous shooting. Judging focus is rather easy with a reflex viewfinder which is needed for precise manual focusing. On the other hand, optical viewfinders do not preview exposure, color or white-balance.
- An optical tunnel is formed using a second lens above the camera's photographic lens. It is sometimes but rarely seen on compact digital cameras. This allows coarse framing when the LCD is not usuable due to movement or bright light.
- Viewfinder Coverage is the visible percentage of the final picture. The closer to 100% the better. Most EVFs and LCDs show 100% coverage but optical viewfinders generally only show 95% coverage. 100% coverage viewfinders are found on most high-end DSLRs since they are essential to professionals.
- A higher magnification viewfinder shows a larger view and is preferable. It allows more comfortable viewing of the subject and better judement for focus and depth-of-field.
Standard size batteries such as "AA" are highly preferable:
- They cost considerably less than any other type of battery.
- These batteries can easily be replaced by disposable ones found almost anywhere in the world.
- AAs keep getting better. Year-after-year, manufacturers produce more powerful and longer lasting versions.
- Solar-chargers are readily available.
Custom Lithium-Ion batteries may last longer than a single set of rechargeable AA batteries but you can afford several sets of AAs for the same price as a one Lithium-Ion battery. Plus, in an emergency it would be nearly impossible to find the right battery since there are so many different models.
Avoid cameras that charge in docks, you cannot use those cameras while recharging them unless the dock can charge a spare too. Charger docks are also an extra thing to carry while traveling.
Weather & Underwater
Weatherproof cameras are designed to withstand adverse weather without actually being submerged under water. They can easily stand rain, snow and dust. Note that a weather-sealed DSLR requires the use of a weather-sealed lens to remain weather-sealed.
Waterproof cameras can actually be submerged under water up to a maximum depth dictated by the camera specifications. This is usually between 3m (10') and 10m (33'), so this is usable for swimming and snorkeling but not for SCUBA diving.
The general solution for deep immersion is to use a specially designed underwater casing. Those are almost always model specific, so if this is a requirement, you must check for availability before deciding on a camera.
New Cameras & Lenses
Tokina AT-X 116 PRO DX ?Sony Alpha Mount Zoom
Pentax Q 08 Wide ZoomPentax Q Mount Zoom
Pentax HD DA 20-40mm F/2.8-4 ED DC WR LimitedWeatherproof
Pentax K Mount Zoom
Nikkor AF-S 50mm F/1.8G Special EditionNikon F Mount Prime Lens
Nikon Df16 Megapixels DSLR
Nikon F Lens Mount
Olympus Stylus 112 Megapixels Ultra Zoom
10.7X Wide Optical Zoom
Nikon D610 Review
24 MP full-frame DSLR with 100% coverage OVF, dual-controls in a weather-sealed body. Upgraded from the D600 with 6 FPS continuous drive and 3 FPS quiet drive plus a new improved AWB system.
Ricoh Pentax K-3 Review
The first Ricoh DSLR inherits the K-5 DNA, bringing megapixels to 24 and a unique Anti-Alias Filter Effect along with 8.3 FPS drive and 4K Time-Lapse video. APS-C sensor with ISO 100-5200, 1/8000s, large 100% coverage OVF, dual SDXC slots, all in a solid weather-sealed and freezeproof body.
Best Digital Cameras of 2013
The best digital cameras available in 2013 awarded by category. These exceptional models deliver outstanding image-quality and features for various types of photography.
Panasonic Lumix DMC-GX7 Review
The ultimate Panasonic flagship mirrorless features in-body stabilization for the first time and a ultra-high resolution tilting EVF. Full manual-control with dual-controls dials. Feature-rich, with 16 MP, 5 FPS, 1080p HD @ 60 FPS, WiFi and NFC.
Nikon 1 AW1 Detailed Review
Waterproof to 15m, shockproof to 2m and freezeproof to -10C, the AW1 is the only rugged interchangeable lens camera. Its 14 MP high-speed 1" CMOS sensor delivers 60 FPS and shutter-speeds up to 1/16000s. Full 1080p HD video capable.
Nikon 1 AW1 Preview
Preview of the Nikon 1 AW1, the only waterproof or shockproof interchangeable lens camera. See how Nikon built this mirrorless camera and its equally sturdy lenses.
Amazing Lenses to Make You Want Another System
These amazing lenses, plus a few extra ones for good measure, will make you want to buy another system. These unique will expand your photographic vision. Each is mostly unique to a system making you wish you had one camera for every one of them!
Olympus PEN E-P5 Review
As the fllagship of Olympus PEN series, the E-P5 mirroress camera is brimming with features: a 16 MP LiveMOS with 5-Axis image-stabilization, ISO 100-25600, 9 FPS, 1080p HD with Stereo sound, 1/8000-60s plus to 30mis of Live-Builb. Full manual-controls in a highly customizable and durable metal body with 3 control-dials
Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ70
An amazing 60X ultra-wide-angle optical zoom with a 16 megapixels CMOS sensor in a body with plenty of external controls. 9 FPS, 1080p HD with stereo sound.
Fuji X100S Review
Premium compact with a large 16 MP X-Trans II CMOS sensor with built-in Phase-Detect AF, a bright 23mm F/2 prime lens, hybrid 2.4 MP EVF/OVF with Eye-Start sensor, full 1080p HD video.